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A Shock Wave Instability Induced on a Periodically Disturbed Interface With Plasma

by Anna Markhotok
article one image
The shock wave instability induced when interacting with a small waviness on an interface with plasma was investigated analytically and numerically. The perturbation to the shock was phenomenologically treated assuming this as the consequence of the shock refraction. The instability develops in the form of wave-like stretchings into lower density plasma followed with the loss of stability in the flow behind it, and eventually evolving into an intense vortex structure. The instability mode is aperiodical and unconditional, and either a transition to another stable state or continuous development as a secondary flow is possible. Among other interesting features are: a similarity law in the spatial and temporal evolution of the perturbations with respect to the interface curvature; the instability locus independence of the gas density distribution, thus identifying the interface conditions as the sole triggering factor; the role of the density gradient in the instability evolution discriminating between qualitatively different outcomes; and the possibility of decay via nonviscous damping mechanisms. The phenomenological connection between the shock's and the interface stability is discussed. more...
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A PUBLICATION OF THE IEEE NUCLEAR AND PLASMA SCIENCES SOCIETY

AUGUST 2018   |  VOLUME 46  |  NUMBER 8  |  ITPSBD  |  (ISSN 0093-3813)
PART I OF TWO PARTS

SPECIAL ISSUE ON PLENARY AND INVITED PAPERS FROM THE 18TH CHINESE NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON PLASMA
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY


GUEST EDITORIAL
Special Issue on Plenary and Invited Papers From the 18th China National Conference on Plasma Science and Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J. Verboncoeur, C. Chang, S. Gold, and M. Kong


SPECIAL ISSUE PAPERS
Comparison of the Effects Induced by Plasma Generated Reactive Species and H2O2 on Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) Enzyme . . . . . . . . . . .
      . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H. Zhang, J. Ma, J. Shen, Y. Lan, L. Ding, S. Qian, C. Cheng, W. Xia, and P. K. Chu
Charging Effects on Dielectric Resonator Antenna Due to Multienergentic E-Beam Irradiation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
      . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . G.-B. Feng, W.-Z. Cui, Q. Wang, C.-J. Bai, L. Liu, and C.-L. Liu
Pattern Transition in a Surface Microdischarge in Atmospheric-Pressure Helium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . Z. Wang, C. Feng, L. Gao, and H. Ding
Numerical and Experimental Studies on the Interactions Between the Radio-Frequency Glow Discharge Plasma Jet and the Shielding Gas
     at Atmosphere
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J. Li, H. Guo, X.-F. Zhang, and H.-P. Li
Atmospheric Pressure Oxygen Cold Plasma for Synthesizing Au/TiO2 Catalysts: Effect of Discharge Voltage and Discharge Time . . . . . . . . . . .
     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . X. Zhang, W. Xu, D. Duan, D.-W. Park, and L. Di
Optimal Design for a High-Power Electric Arc Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J. Peng, L. Chen, Z. Xia, J. Meng, and G. Yang
Simulation Analysis of Arc Evolution Process in Multiple Parallel Contact Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J. Yin, Q. Wang, and X. Li
Comparison Between Air and SF6 Breakdown by Microwaves at High Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .P. Zhao, L. Guo, H. Zhao, and C. Chang
High-Intensity Pulsed Ion Beam Irradiation for Structural Stability of Metallic Glass Ni62Ta38 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q. Zhang, X. Mei, X. Zhang, Y. Wang, and Y. Wang
Low-Temperature Atmospheric Pressure Helium Plasma Jet Damages Malignant Melanoma Cells by Inducing Oxidative Stress . . . . . . . . . . . . .
      . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . G.-M. Xu, J.-R. Liu, Y.-M. Wu, X.-M. Shi, and G.-J. Zhang
A 2D3V Electromagnetic PIC/MCC Simulation of Plume Properties in Ion Thruster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .X. Jin, T. Huang, M. Yang, X. Ye, S.-L. Guo, Y.-X. Tian, Z. Yang, and B. Li


PART II OF TWO PARTS


REGULAR PAPERS
Basic Processes in Fully and Partially Ionized Plasmas
A Shock Wave Instability Induced on a Periodically Disturbed Interface With Plasma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A. Markhotok
Backward and Sideward Waves of Space Charge in Neutralized Electron Flux . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A. E. Dubinov and I. N. Kitayev

Microwave Generation and Microwave-Plasma Interaction
A Uniform, Pulsed Magnetic Field Coil for Gigawatt Operation of Relativistic Backward-Wave Oscillator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R. Chandra, V. Sharma, S. Kalyanasundaram, S. Singh, A. Roy, J. Mondal, S. Mitra, A. Patel, D. Biswas, and A. Sharma
Design of 5-kV/5-kW Magnetron Power Supply Using PWM SRC With PISO-Connected Transformer . . . . . . S.-W. Choi, I.-O. Lee, and J.-Y. Lee
Saturation Effects in Frequency Pulling of Gyrotrons Operating in High-Order Axial Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
      . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M. Fukunari, G. S. Nusinovich, Y. Tatematsu, T. Saito, and Y. Yamaguchi

Industrial, Commercial, and Medical Applications of Plasmas
Effects of Liquid Electrical Conductivity on the Electrical and Optical Characteristics of an AC-Excited Argon Gas–Liquid-Phase Discharge . . . . .
      . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H. I. A. Qazi, Y.-Y. Xin, H.-P. Li, M. A. Khan, L. Zhou, and C.-Y. Bao
An Investigation of the Control of Electron Energy in the Atmospheric-Pressure Helium Plasma Jet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
      . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Y. Liu, Z. Tan, X. Chen, X. Li, X. Wang, H. Zhang, and J. Pan
Effects of Plasma Discharges on the Ignition of a Laminar Nonpremixed Jet Flame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Y.-H. Liao, M.-C. Sun, and R.-Y. Lai
Investigation of the Coupled Volume Dielectric Barrier Discharge for Ozone Formation in Open Atmospheric Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . X. Huang, S. Zhou, and M. Liu
Outer Ring-Shaped Radio Frequency Magnetized Plasma Source for Target Utilization in Specific Area . . . . . . . . . . M. A. Hossain and Y. Ohtsu

Plasma Diagnostics
Temporal Evolution and Spatial Distribution of the Plume Plasma from an MPD Arc Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Z. Zhang, H. Tang, M. Kong, A. Kitaeva, Z. Zhang, and S. Cao
Optical Emission Spectroscopy Study of Ar–H2 Plasma at Atmospheric Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
      . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S. Das, D. P. Das, C. K. Sarangi, B. Bhoi, B. K. Mishra, and J. Ghosh
Optical Properties of Arc Spot Plasma for Cleaning Oxide on the Steel Surface . . . . . . . . . . H. Liu, Z. Tang, K. Yang, Y. Zhang, H. Li, and X. Zhu
Optical Spectroscopic Study of Laser-Produced Aluminum Plasma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I. Mehboob, J. Iqbal, M. Rafique, M. Baig, and R. Ahmed
Peculiarities in Optical Visualization of Nanosecond Electric Discharges Inside a Gas–Vapor Microbubble Floating in a Viscous Liquid . . . . . . . .
    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A. E. Dubinov, J. P. Kozhayeva, and N. G. Danchenko
A Novel Approach for Maximum Plasma Pressure Estimation at Surge Current Based on Experimental Investigations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T. Runge, T. H. Kopp, and M. Kurrat
Plasma Jets With Needle–Ring Electrodes: The Insulated Sealing of the Needle and its Effect on the Plasma Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
      . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D. Liu, Z. Zhang, Z. Liu, B. Wang, Q. Li, X. Wang, and M. G. Kong

Pulsed Power Science and Technology
Design Consideration of Eddy-Current Loss for Rotor of HIA With Rectifier and Capacitive Loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K. Yu, L. Liu, and X. Xie
The Effect of Laser Energy on the Initial Plasma Characteristics of Laser-Triggered Vacuum Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Y. Xin, Z. He, and Y. Liu
Study of a Multisection Synchronous Induction Coil Launcher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Y. Zhang, Y. Gong, M. Xiong, X. Niu, and G. Xiao
Simulation Study of an Impulse Radiation Antenna Array . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C. Li, Y. Zhao, J. Du, Y. Zhang, Y. Mi, and C. Yao
Combined Measuring Uncertainty of Capacitive Divider With Concentrated Capacitance on High-Voltage Scale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K. Stanković and U. Kovačević
Comparative Investigation of Surge Current Capabilities of Si IGBT and SiC MOSFET for Pulsed Power Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S. Yin, Y. Gu, S. Deng, X. Xin, and G. Dai
Theoretical and Experimental Studies of Off-the-Shelf V-Dot Probes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B. M. Novac, R. Xiao, T. Huiskamp, L. Pécastaing, M. Wang, P. Senior, A. S. de Ferron, A. J. M. Pemen, and M. Rivaletto
Influence of the Mutual Inductance Between Two HTSPPT Modules on Three Discharge Modes of Superconducting Pulsed Power Supply . . . . .
     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F. Lu, X. Nie, Y. Wang, W. Chen, and Z. Yan
Asymmetric Bipolar Plasma Power Supply to Increase the Secondary Electrons Emission in Capacitive Coupling Plasmas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
      . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J. S. Scholtz, L. C. Fontana, and M. Mezaroba
Research on Melting Erosion Law of a Multiturn Series–Parallel Railgun During Launching Period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
      . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Y. Xing, Q.-a. Lv, B. Lei, H. Xiang, and J. Chen

Arcs & MHD
Influences of the Arc Chamber Length on the Jet Characteristics of Laminar Plasma Torch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . X. Cao, D. Yu, and C. Li
The Current–Voltage Characteristics of Corona Discharge in Wire to Cylinder in Parallel Electrode Arrangement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A. J. Conesa and M. Sánchez
Simulations of Electrical Discharges in Air Using Stabilized Drift-Diffusion Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S. Singh, Y. V. Serdyuk, and S. M. Gubanski
Numerical and Experimental Investigation of an Improved Vacuum Interrupter Cup-Shaped Contact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Z. Liu, S. Xiu, B. Yuan, M. Li, X. Wang, and Y. Long
Experimental Investigation on Triggered Vacuum Arc and Erosion Behavior Under Different Contact Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
      . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R. Lin, L. Wang, W. Shi, J. Deng, and S. Jia
Simulation and Experimental Investigation on a New Type of Cup-Shaped Contacts With Iron Cores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T. Wang, S. Xiu, Y. Long, X. Wang, L. Zhao, and Y. Zhang
Numerical Models for Interactions of Ablating-Capillary Plasma With Air and Bulk-Loaded Liquid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S. Mang, Y. Yu, and Q. Zhang
Prestrike Inrush Current Arc Behaviors in Vacuum Interrupters Subjected to a Transverse Magnetic Field and an Axial Magnetic Field . . . . . . . .
     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Y. Yu, G. Li, Y. Geng, J. Wang, and Z. Liu
Mechanism of Dynamic Voltage Distribution in Series-Connected Vacuum Interrupters . . . . . . . . G. Ge, X. Cheng, M. Liao, Z. Huang, and J. Zou

Space Plasmas
Identification of Plasma Waves at Saturn Using Convolutional Neural Networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S. Ruhunusiri
Research on the Discharge and Mitigation Created by Ultra-high Velocity Impact on Solar Array With Applied Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E. Tang, G. Gao, M. Liu, and Y. Han

Fusion Science and Technology
Development and Applications of Magnet Module for SYCOMORE CEA System Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
      . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L. Zani, J.-F. Artaud, A. Boutry, L. Di Gallo, J.-L. Duchateau, P. Hertout, S. Kahn, N. Piot, C. Reux, J. Saïd, and A. Torre
Upgrade of Cooling Channels for Four-Strap ICRF Antenna of EAST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
      . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q. X. Yang, W. Song, Y. T. Song, J. X. Zheng, C. M. Qin, X. J. Zhang, and Y. P. Zhao

Special Issue on Electromagnetic Launchers

Coreless AFPM Pulsed Alternator With Low Internal Inductance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C. Sezenoglu and A. Balikci

Special Issue on Plenary, Invited & Selected Minicourse Papers from ICOPS-2017

Electron-Beam-Driven Devices With Synchronous Multiple Degenerate Eigenmodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
      . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A. F. Abdelshafy, M. A. K. Othman, F. Yazdi, M. Veysi, A. Figotin, and F. Capolino

Special Issue on Selected Papers from the LAWPP - 2017
Synthesis of Boron-Doped Carbon Nanotubes With DC Electric Arc Discharge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
      . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P. G. Vilchis-Gutiérrez, M. Pacheco, J. Pacheco, R. Valdivia-Barrientos, C. E. Barrera-Díaz, and P. Balderas-Hernández


ANNOUNCEMENTS
Call for Papers—Special Issue on Plasma Science Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Jets and their Applications
Call for Papers—Special Issue on Spacecraft Charging Technology-2018
Call for Papers—The 15th Workshop on the Physics of Dusty Plasmas
Call for Papers—Special Issue for Selected Papers from EAPPC/BEAMS 2018
Call for Papers—Special Issue for Plenary, Invited and Selected Papers from the 2018 Asia-Pacific Conference on Plasma and
                            Terahertz Science


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