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July 2018

Message from the Editor
Heather Love, Editor, IEEE Society on Social Implications of Technology (SSIT) Newsletter
photo of Heather Love
I hope that you will take time to read through this short but important set of July SSIT updates, including information about featured panelists at ISTAS 2018, a call for nominations to the SSIT Board of Governors, and an invitation to submit to an upcoming special issue of IEEE Technology and Society Magazine.

As always, I invite submissions for future newsletters. To announce an event, news item, volunteer opportunity, CFP, award notice, or other article, please contact me at my NEW email address: Heather.Love@uwaterloo.ca. Since regular newsletter publication is on pause during July and August, submissions for the September 2018 newsletter are due by 20 August 2018.


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2018 IEEE International Symposium on Technology and Society (ISTAS)
13-14 November 2018, Washington, DC, USA

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Now is the time to lock in your plans for for ISTAS 2018, the flagship conference of SSIT. For full details about the event, visit our website. A highlight of this year's program is our best yet set of featured panels, which will provide a unique opportunity for experts to discuss key technology issues facing society today. You won't want to miss them:
  • Creating Ethically Informed Standards
    • John Havens, Executive Director, IEEE Global Initiative
    • Sara Jordan, Vice Chair, SSIT Standards Committee
    • Trevor Rudolph, Original Unit Chief, OMB Cyber and National Security Unit
    • Sarah Spiekermann, Institute for Management Information Systems, Vienna University of Economics and Business

  • Current Challenges in Technology Policy
    • Katherine Pratt, Center for Sensorimotor Neural Engineering, University of Washington
    • Amie Stepanovich, Access Now
    • Terrell McSweeney, Former Commissioner, Federal Trade Commission

  • The Future of Ethical Education
    • Joe Herkert, North Carolina State University
    • Deborah Johnson, University of Bergen
    • Louis Bucciarelli, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
    • Rick Miller, Olin College

  • The Value of Information in Decision Making
    • Christoph Aubrecht, World Bank
    • Jamie Kruse, East Carolina University
    • Yusuke Kuwayama, Resources for the Future
    • Emily Pindilli, United States Geological Survey
    • Carl Shapiro, United States Geological Survey

  • Enabling Cultural Change: Ethics and Human Values in the Work of the National Academies
    • Rosalyn Berne, National Academies
    • Karin Ellison, Arizona State University
    • Robert Nerem, Georgia Institute of Technology
    • Frazier Benya, Women In Science, National Academy of Engineering (NAE)
    • Deborah Johnson, University of Bergen

  • Different Pathways to Making Global Societal Impacts
    • Fahmida Chowdhury, National Science Foundation
    • Edward Winant, Oceans, International Environmental and Scientific Affairs
    • Tom Wang, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    • Lorraine Martin, Lockheed Martin, retired

  • Human-Robot Interaction: Examining Ethical Issues in Three Contexts
    • Jason Borenstein, Georgia Institute of Technology
    • Ayanna Howard, Georgia Institute of Technology
    • Yvette Pearson, Old Dominion University
    • Joe Herkert, North Carolina State University
    • Keith Miller, University of Missouri

  • Other workshops include:
    • Gender Equity and Social Inclusion in Renewable Energy Programs
    • A Partnership Approach to Community Led Sustainable Development



features

Call for Nominations: SSIT Board of Directors
SSIT elects three members for a three-year term to its Board of Directors each year. If you would like to be considered for nomination for 2019-2021, please email your biography of up to 250 words, a statement of up to 250 words, and a portrait photo to Greg Adamson at g.adamson@ieee.org. Deadline for submissions 1 August 2018.



Publications

Call for Papers: March 2019 Special Issue of IEEE Technology and Magazine

Technology for Governance, Politics, and Democracy
Guest Editors:
Dr. Tom Kane (School of Computing, Edinburgh Napier University, United Kingdom)
Nick Novelli (School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom)

Description
We are starting to see powerful tools of artificial intelligence disrupting governmental activities. How our relationship with the world around us is modified by such tools, and how we can articulate and correct inappropriate activities in such tools become urgent questions. The situation is made more difficult whenever these tools are the intellectual property of a private company and not fully open to being scrutinized.

Innovative Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) are already playing a crucial role in the emergence of e-governance and digital democracy, both at national and community levels. Parliaments can be petitioned on a large scale to influence debates in the legislative process. There is, for example, an unprecedented opportunity for community collective choice, whereby those affected by a set of governing rules can actively participate in the selection, modification and application of those rules, in consultation with their local government representatives, and can help select policy options and rank spending priorities.

Although (as always) the technologies themselves are neutral with respect to both "good" or "bad" outcomes, design, and the intentions behind the design, are never neutral. Moreover, digital technologies, unlike other tools, are never neutral with respect to influence and control. Thus, for example, although it is possible to engage communities in broader and more meaningful political participation, it is equally possible to manage, distort or manipulate the dissemination of information through technological and/or economic mastery of the platforms for communication. In electioneering terms, we see the emergence of such tools as Facebook for Politics, which played a significant role in the 2016 Brexit referendum and US presidential elections being lauded, on the one hand for helping campaigns to be more proactive on social media, and being critiqued on the other for enabling distorted political messages to be decisive in important elections.

In a similar vein, although electronic voting systems based on blockchain technology may make it possible to prove that a citizen’s vote has not been tampered with, in pursuing ethical use of such technology, we would need to ensure, among other things, that voting rights couldn’t be awarded to pre-programmed bots with a particular agenda. More widely, using technology to broaden civic participation in the political process should be accompanied by meaningful civic education: there is no point enfranchising people and making it “easier” for them to vote by using an app on a mobile phone, if at the same time the voter’s critical thinking skills are constantly being undermined. A key societal challenge is, where necessary, to perform dialectical engagements with governmental AI tools, and their developers, in a democratic and open fashion.

At the same time as we address these issues in ICT, more widely in society a political fault-line seems to be developing: just at the time when technology should make representative democracy richer than ever before in human history, so there is a breakdown of trust in politicians, loss of faith in the political process, marked polarization in political debate, and an unwillingness to compromise in political discourse. Will ICT be the final straw in this breakdown, or could ICT be used to set things right in the political world?

The aim of this special issue is to evaluate the social impact and social implications of new and emerging technologies on governance, politics, public administration, and policy-making, and to evaluate the future prospects of digital democracy, and its transformative potential for increasing public engagement, community empowerment, and social entrepreneurship.

Topics
  • Digital democracy
  • Technology for deliberative assemblies, debate and decision-making
  • Technology for evidence-based policy making, legislation, and political journalism
  • Role and use of technology in election campaigns
  • Social engagement, ethics, empowerment, and entrepreneurship
  • Civic participation, engagement, duty, and dignity
  • Knowledge management: improving the "correctness" and legitimacy of decision-making
  • Algorithmic governance and self-governance
  • Community self-governance using socio-technical systems
  • Bridging the digital divide
  • Technology and education for teaching and understanding political processes
  • Computational political science
  • Case studies: applications of eGovernance in local or national politics
  • Technology, political change, and transformative impact
Schedule
30 September 2018: Paper submission deadline
15 November 2018: Notification of acceptance (or otherwise)
End December 2018: Final version
March 2019: Special issue published

Papers should be submitted as a standard magazine submission via Manuscript Central but should indicate in a cover letter that the submission is intended to be considered as a paper for this special issue. For any inquiries please contact the Guest Editors, Dr. Tom Kane or Nick Novelli.


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